Food Allergy Tools
SAVE THE BRAIN! Learn how to give efficient and CPR. This page contains all the information you need to know about food allergy awareness. SHARE this information NOW and help us save lives. Download a Food Allergy Action Plan (FAAP) poster and post it in your office, cafe, restaurant, home, school classroom. Be a proponent of fast and efficient food allergy awareness and care. Watch this short video clip on how to use an Epinephrine Auto Injector. You never know when you will be THE first reposponder.
Know your facts
Food Allergy 101
Anaphylaxis (pronounced an-uh-fil-LAX-is) is a severe, potentially life-threatening allergic reaction. It is a serious allergic reaction that comes on quickly and may cause death. Symptoms can affect several areas of the body, including breathing and blood circulation.
An allergic reaction can cause anaphylaxis, a serious complication that if not quickly treated with epinephrine, can result in death in as little as 30 minutes.
Early use of an epinephrine auto-injector is the primary treatment for anaphylaxis.
Epinephrine is the first-line treatment for anaphylaxis, a severe and potentially life-threatening allergic reaction. This self-injectable medication is approved by the FDA as a safe and highly effective medication that can reverse severe allergy symptoms. With recent spikes in the cost of epinephrine auto injectors, many families are unable to afford this vital, life-saving prescription. We believe that a single person's injury or death because they cannot afford an epinephrine auto-injector is a preventable tragedy.
On November 13, 2013, President Obama signed into law the School Access to Emergency Epinephrine Act. The federal legislation provides a financial incentive for states to enact their own laws requiring schools to keep non-student specific epinephrine auto-injectors in case of an emergency.
Make sure your voice is heard! Tell Congress that Epinephrine saves lives, and that it must be affordable and accessible to everyone who needs it.
How does an EpiPen (EAI Epinephrine Auto Injector) work? Epipen is an injection containing Epinephrine a chemical that narrows blood vessels and open his airways in the lungs. These effects can reverse severe low blood pressure, wheezing, severe skin itching, hives and other symptoms of an allergic reaction. The drug in an EpiPen (EAI) constricts blood vessels to increase blood pressure, relaxes smooth muscles in the lungs to reduce wheezing and improve breathing, stimulates the heart, increases the heart rate and works to reduce hives and swelling‘s that may occur around face and lips.
How do I administer an EpiPen? The EpiPen packaging list clear instructions and diagrams on the label. Hold the injector in your fist with the needle tip (usually orange or red) away from your thumb and placed needle and firmly against the outer thigh upper leg. Hold EpiPen firmly in place for 10 seconds.
Should I call 911 after EpiPen? Yes. Using EpiPen does not replace a doctor or going to the hospital. The effects of Epinephrine can wear off or you could have a second reaction so call 911.
Can I use an EpiPen on a different body part besides the thigh? No. The EpiPen should only be injected into the middle of your outer thigh upper leg through clothing if necessary. Do not inject into your veins, buttocks, fingers, toes, hands or feet.
Is a dose of epinephrine deadly? A dose of Epinephrine is a relatively mild reaction. Epinephrine increases blood pressure and can trigger heart arrhythmias strokes and heart attacks. Other reactions aren’t life-threatening including nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. Epinephrine is safe for anaphylaxis when given at the correct dose by intramuscular injection. The majority of dosing errors and cardiovascular adverse reactions occur when epinephrine is given intravenously or incorrectly dosed.
Can EpiPen’s only be used by doctors or medical professioanals? No. The EpiPen is designed to be used by people with no medical training at the first signs of anaphylactic reaction. Epinephrine is frequently administered by non-medically trained individuals. This single use injection is designed to be used by people with no medical training.
Can I use someone else’s EpiPen? A person either needs an EpiPen or they don’t. Using one persons EpiPen is not going to deliver a different version of the dose.
Is there an EpiPen autoinjector for all ages? EpiPen autoinjector‘s contain a single dose of 0.3 MG of epinephrine, appropriate for people weighing 66 pounds or more. EpiPen Junior auto injectors contain 0.15 mg of epinephrine and is for children with severe allergies weighing 33 to 66 pounds.
Is there EpiPen for babies? There is a dosages of epinephrine in 0.3 for children under 30 pounds. Your healthcare professional will carefully determine the appropriate dose of epinephrine for your child. Be sure to hold the leg of a young child firmly in place before and during the injection to prevent injuries.
How many EpiPen should I carry? Two EpiPen should be carried at all times.
How long is the EpiPens needle? Needle length is 16 mm for an EpiPen and 13 mm for EpiPen Junior. How long does the EpiPen last? Effects of an EpiPen last 10 to 20 minutes.
How do I dispose of the EAI? Take your used auto injector to an emergency room or healthcare professionals office for proper disposal ask for a new disk prescription of an EpiPen.
What happens if I get a dose of Epinephrine when not needed? Accidental injunction into the hands or feet may result in loss of blood flow to the affected area and should be avoided if there is an accidental injection into these areas go immediately to the nearest emergency room for treatment.
Can you deliver an expired EpiPen? Expired EpiPen’s may still save a life. EpiPen devices used to rescue people during severe allergic reactions can remain effective years after their expiration date. See health day news.
What Epinephrine Auto Injector’s are available? AdrenaClick, Auvi-Q, Symjepi, EpiPen, EpiPen Jr.
Is an EpiPen better than the alternatives? The only difference between an authorized generic and it’s brand is the name on the label. Mylan controls 90% of the market and faces little competition for Epipen.
How much is an EpiPen? 2-Pac auto injectors cost roughly $650-$700.
Why is EpiPen so expensive? Concerns exist that this drug is not priced fairly for patients with life-threatening allergies. Over the last decade the EpiPen cost has soared from roughly $100 to over $600 per two injector package. The generic versions of both EpiPen and Adrenaclick are made by the same manufacture. In August 2017, Mylan reached a $465 million settlement with the US Justice Department for overcharging the US government for EpiPens. Read more.
A food allergy happens when your immune system overreacts to what should be a harmless food protein – an allergen. Food allergies are potentially life-threatening and life-altering. Anyone who has a food allergy can have a severe allergic reaction to food. However, having asthma puts you at higher risk. Fatal outcomes of anaphylaxis include a disproportionate number of teens and young adults
Someone whose allergic reactions to foods that have been mild in the past may suddenly experience severe reactions that could be deadly.
Food allergy is the most common cause of anaphylaxis, although several other allergens—such as insect stings, medications or latex—can be potential triggers. Rarely, anaphylaxis is caused by exercise. Another uncommon form can occur when a person exercises soon after eating a problem food.
Take FARE's free course, How to Save a Life: Recognizing and Responding to Anaphylaxis, to learn more about anaphylaxis, its causes and the proper emergency response.
More than 170 foods are known to cause food allergies, but eight foods account for 9 out of 10 reactions in the United States. They are milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, soy, wheat, fish and shellfish.
Cross-contact occurs when an allergen is inadvertently transferred from a food containing an allergen to a food that does not contain the allergen. Cooking does not reduce or eliminate the chances of a person with a food allergy having a reaction to the food eaten.
Protocol for Emergency Administration of Epinephrine in schools Learn More
Enroll your school in the Maricopa county Stock Epinephrine Program Learn More
House Bill 1473
Emergency Use Auto-Injectable Epinephrine Program at Institutions of Higher Education
Good Samaritan Law
Good Samaritan laws offer legal protection to people who give reasonable assistance to those who are, or whom they believe to be, injured, ill, in peril, or otherwise incapacitated.The protection is intended to reduce bystanders' hesitation to assist, for fear of being sued or prosecuted for unintentional injury or wrongful death.
Kelsey Ryan Act
Kelsey Ryan Act, which gives students the right to carry and self-administer epinephrine on school grounds if exposed to their speci c life-threatening allergens.
The law, which took effect January 1, 2006, requires school boards to have all principals implement anaphylaxis plans that include: strategies to reduce exposure to allergens, procedures to communicate to parents, students and employees about life-threatening allergies, and regular training on dealing with life-threatening allergies for teachers and staff.
Bill 201 the EPI BILL
Protection of Students with Life-threatening Allergies Act
FDA food allergy policy
An act relating to public health; allowing a physician to issue an order for auto-injectable epinephrine to a public or private school
An act concering the recommendations of the task force on life-thretening food alergies in schools